Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Jet of the Day 4/17/12 - Rustic Rock Jewelry

No matter How You  Spell it: Druzy, Drusy, Druse, Druze; Everyone Loves it!

The first time I saw druzy in a piece of jewelry, I knew I was in it for the long run. I am mesmerized by druzy. The beauty of it, and the science of it. The thought that I am holding or wearing something that has been millions of years in the making just fascinates me. There is no material I enjoy working with more. Druzy jewelry popularity has skyrocketed in recent years and it has become a gemstone in its own genre.  Exactly how these sparkling sugary crystals come about is a mystery to many. So I will try to explain as simply as i can.

First, a chart. (I promise it is the only one)

Ok, So, in a nutshell, the  constant moving of the earth’s crust and inner layers is responsible for the forming of most of the colored, sparkling, crystallized gemstones we see today. 

Millions of years ago, as molten rock was being forced up to the surface, heat and pressure changes caused gases to expand and create cavities within the solidifying rock.  Gazzillions of years later,  as the ground water,  rich with minerals, (i.e. dissolved silica) moved through the rock, it deposited  new minerals into the cavities, (or on the surfaces) of the rock, and cooling began to occur. 

Crystallization of these minerals on top of and inside the previously crystallized rock began the unique crystal formation called Druzy. Druzy colors are based on the particular stone that the mineral water leaked into all those years ago.

In the following photo you can see some of the filled cavities and you can see the tightly-packed matrix which creates a dense bed of individual crystals. Notice how each each crystal only has  a single termination pyramid exposed. This bed of crystals has a very fine crystalline structure similar to sugar or salt crystals. This is an "encrustation" crystal habit, or Druzy. This is why it is so sparkly. That pyramid catches light from every which way.

Naturally Occurring Druzy Crystals
Many different minerals  can form into druzy, and, as mentioned,  these  occur in a variety of colors. Druzy encrustation are found all over the earth; the colors listed below represent untreated crystals, unless noted otherwise.
  • Agate Drusy: Brown (Brazil) 
  • Quartz:  clear, white, tan, golden (citrine), and light purple (amethyst)
  • Black Garnet, Psilomelane: Black (Western Australia)
  • Carnelian Drusy (Chalcedony): Orangy-Yellow, Reddish-Brown (Brazil)
  • Chalcedony Drusy: Blue, Lavender (Brazil)
  • Chrysacolla: Greenish-Blue (Australia, Chili, New Mexico USA, Zaire)
  • Cobalto Calcite, Cobaltoan Dolomite: Pink, Rose (DRC Congo, Zaire)
  • Hemimorphite Drusy: Greenish-Blue (Yunnan Province, China)
  • Jasper Drusy: Brownish-Red (Madagascar)
  • Onyx Drusy (Agate): Black (Brazil) *may be dyed
  • Psilomelane Drusy: Indigo Blue (New Mexico USA)
  • Rainbow Hematite Drusy: Rainbow, Brownish-Green (Brazil) *very rare
  • Rainbow Pyrite: Rainbow (Volga River, Russia)
  • Uvarovite Garnet: Forest Green (Ural Mountains, Russia)

Enhancements made to Druzy
Vapor-coating (aka vapor-deposition) is one of the more common gemstone enhancements used to achieve the scintillation and myriad of colors and that are found in druzy quartz jewelry.

Titanium is used to create intense, permanent hues of blue, green, and purple, as well as adding an iridescent (Schiller effect) quality and/or play-of-color

Druzy crystal can also be vapor-coated with a variety of other metals to create interesting optical effects. Gold is used to create golden druzy, platinum is used to create pure white, or silver druzy, and silicone oxide is used to create vibrant pink and green hues.

Some countries have taken to straight out dying druzy. Dyed druzy will fade, unlike vapor coated druzy.

Example of Dyed Druzy

Druzy gemstones are graded using the following criteria---color saturation, crystal size, purity (visual flaws), and crystal coverage (whether areas of underlying matrix shows). The highest grade Druzy is not always the prettiest. These earrings would not be considered high grade  because of the large crystals, but I think they are lovely!

Mink Druzy Earrings - Your Daily Jewels

Same with this pendant with much of the matrix showing. It would be considered "low grade"

Druzy Examples
Black Druzy - Your Daily Jewels (Sold)

Vapor Coated with Gold
Blue Chalcedony

Rainbow Hematite - (Excessive Handling Can Dull the Natural Coloration Of This Rare Druzy)

Druzy Chrysocolla

Cobalto Calcite Comes in a Wide Range of Pinks

Now some JET Druzy~

Agate Druzy Pendant - Your Daily Jewels

Twilight Drusy Ring - Love Stone Arts

Agate Druzy -Your Daily Jewels

Pyrite Druzy Pendant - JemsbyJBandCompany

Asymmetrical Agate Drusy Earrings - Laura Stamper Designs

Thanks for reading!

Oh, this is My Dream Bedroom, (I might need it a little bigger though)
Chalcedony Druzy


TheSilverBear said...

Norah told me she likes to make things up as she goes along, so I reckon she's down a pretty fair job of this, lol.
Idiot's definition of "druzy" - very small crystals.

Your Daily Jewels said...

My secret is out!

Bob J24-7 said...

Gotta love deuzy ... drusy ... whatever. I love this post, Norah!

BeadznBling said...

Getting my DRUZY on !!!!!!!!

TheSilverBear said...

Norah's druzy is a doozy, bwahaha. It's a GREAT blog & we love ya!

Rough Magic Creations said...

Aaaaah, feeling druzy ....!!! Super informative post, Prof. Norah! I love it!!! :)

Tracy said...

Wowza! Love those sparklies!

MadeByTammy said...

I am mesmerized by druzy too. Great info. Stunning Jewelry!

Blanche said...

Love druzy too and your talent!

Michele said...

Stunning jewelry!!!, no matter how you spell it, great information also!!!!

SendingLoveGallery said...

good info here and lovely jewels, making me drool a little!

LoveStoneArts said...

Druzy, wuzy, bo-buzy!! Thanks for all the good info. BTW, I so agree that there is interest and appeal in druzy of all grades.

WanderingJewel said...

Great post love all the sparkly gems!

Beadsme said...

Interesting. You found some beauties there.

nancy's crystal fantasies jewelry said...

Love these druzies! A lot of good information here. So glad that they have become an important part of our jewelry today.

willowcreekjewelry said...

Thank you Norah for the great post! Gorgeous examples and stunning jewelry = )

cserpentDesigns said...

Beautiful rocks! Wow is all I can say!

Tess said...

So pretty!!

Siany said...

beautiful beautiful collection <3

cooljewelrydesign said...

loving your new bedroom, Norah... :-) Seriously, tho, I have always been attracted to druzy of any type--who the heck knows how imperfect it is? We just know what we like...great post! Drooling druzy... xo

Erika Price said...

Awesome post, Norah! Love your selection of gorgeous rocks, and your dream bedroom, LOL!